What Is Involved In An Attic Custom Residential Electrical Remodel Project

When you need a permit

Generally, you will be required to have a permit to begin construction, such as:

Any new construction (new buildings and/or renovations to existing buildings that create a new area)

Changing the land use of an existing commercial space

Adding a secondary suite to an existing house

Renovation projects that include moving interior walls and/or existing plumbing, electrical, or gas lines

Structural repairs

Drywall repairs to fire separations in multi-unit residential buildings

Building or altering a garage, shed, or deck

Renovating or tenant improvements for a new or existing commercial space

Not sure if you need a permit? When in doubt, please contact the Development and Building Services Centre to determine if you are required to have a permit for your particular project.

Risks of working without a permit when it is required

If you or your contractor do not have a permit for work that has already started, and it turns out you need a permit for that work

you could face serious – and potentially costly – consequences, including:

A “work without permit” penalty (This is typically double the original permit fee.)

A delay while your permit application is processed (All work must stop during this time and the original timeline and fees to process an application still apply.)

A potential to remove work that was already commenced prior to obtaining a permit

A potential to do more work than you had originally planned and budgeted for, such as adding fire sprinklers or making seismic upgrades

Potential for future legal and/or financial issues when selling your property or filing an insurance claim

Whole Home Remodel – Where To Start

Remodeling your entire home is a tall task. If you’re planning to remodel your entire home and don’t know where to start, follow these steps below.

Determine what you can remodel yourself – and what requires a contractor.

Determine your budget.

Decide on the design and style of your home.

Acquire the appropriate permits.

Research builder’s risk insurance.

Create a timeline and stick to it.

Get started!

Home remodeling is daunting to say the least. Between the time that it takes out of your daily routine, the cost, and deciding what to renovate first, there’s a lot to keep track of when renovating every room in your home – not to mention the coordination it requires with interior designers, contractors, and other professionals.

But, with proper planning and preparation, your entire project can go smoothly. These steps are meant to help you start the process. They will provide you with peace of mind and prevent you from making costly mistakes in the future.

Determine what you can remodel yourself – and what you will need a contractor for.

Most people struggle to afford to remodel their entire house all at once. They also want to save as much money as possible. If this sounds like you, first decide which parts of the remodel you can do yourself and which you need a contractor to do.

Two Other Options

If you have enough money, you could hire contractors to conduct your home remodel. This works great if you don’t have time to do the project yourself.

The last option is to conduct the whole home remodel entirely by yourself. This is possible if you have the time and are willing to learn new things. YouTube is a great resource for hundreds of DIY ways to renovate bathrooms, bedrooms, demolish a wall, install countertops, and much more. You could also ask your friends and family; some of them may have completed their own remodel and could have some valuable tips for you!


When it comes to keeping your home and family safe, homeowners want only the best when it comes time to installing, repairing, or replacing the electrical wiring and outlets in their homes. You need to be certain a fully qualified and licensed residential electrician from a reliable company is there to do the job right.

When you have a licensed residential electrician work on your home, you should trust that everything is built to code. A skilled and licensed residential electrician from a local company. knows local, state, and federal regulations for doing your residential electrical work and can ensure the work in your home is done properly. That way, you won’t have to undergo repetitive and potentially costly inspections to ensure you home remains safe, nor do you have to worry that something may be wrong with your system without you knowing it

When things go wrong with your home, there are a lot of items you can take upon yourself to accomplish, such as replacing a broken window, replacing roofing shingles, and doing other routine maintenance. But when it comes to your home’s electrical wiring, it is very important to ensure only a properly trained and licensed electrician will handle your electrical work.

Attempting home electrical repairs runs the risk of an incomplete job by using the wrong components, and potentially makes your home unsafe. This can be avoided when you using a licensed and professional residential electrician for your home


In many instances, an electrician winds up doing maintenance and repairs that your homeowners insurance will cover. In those cases, your insurer will demand a trained and licensed home electrician. When it comes to getting the job done right and safely, a residential electrician. is what you need.

Home improvement

Types of home improvement

While “home improvement” often refers to building projects that alter the structure of an existing home, it can also include improvements to lawns, gardens, and outdoor structures, such as gazebos and garages. It also encompasses maintenance, repair, and general servicing tasks

Home improvement projects generally have one or more of the following goals:


Upgrading heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (HVAC).

Upgrading rooms with luxuries, such as adding gourmet features to a kitchen or a hot tub spa to a bathroom.

Increasing the capacity of plumbing and electrical systems.

Waterproofing basements.

Soundproofing rooms, especially bedrooms and baths.

Maintenance projects can include:

Roof tear-off and replacement.

Replacement or new construction windows.

Concrete and masonry repairs to the foundation and chimney.

Repainting rooms, walls or fences

Repairing plumbing and electrical systems

Wall papers

Furniture polish

Additional living space may be added by:

Turning marginal areas into livable spaces such as turning basements into recrooms, home theaters, or home offices – or attics into spare bedrooms.

Extending one’s house with rooms added to the side of one’s home or, sometimes, extra levels to the original roof. Such a new unit of construction is called an “add-on”

Keeping it Real, What it’s Like To Live Through a Remodel

Since a few of us in the office have recently been through remodels at our own homes, we talked about key things we learned firsthand that we think would be helpful to clients before they’re in the midst of a major home remodel themselves.

Be flexible and keep your sense of humor. Few things in life are completely smooth, and a remodel is no different.

A remodel can be tiring and bring out your emotions. Do your best to remember that this project will end and that the short-term pain will go away.

A remodel always takes longer than you think. Eight weeks seems doable, and it is. However, if there’s a hiccup, like receiving the wrong hinges, finding water damage, or even a client-driven change order, the project calendar can change.

A remodel will disrupt your routine and daily schedule. If you’re using an alternate bathroom, have a make-shift kitchen, or have a living room out of commission, it’s to be expected that you may need to build a bit more time into your typical routine.

Dust will be a sworn enemy. As a company we use dust barriers, and clean up at the end of the day, but dust still can make its way into the craziest places.

Purge, purge, purge. Since removal of items from a room is needed regardless of the type of remodel, it’s a good time to get rid of the stuff you don’t want or need. While you’ll likely do this as you’re putting rooms back together, we think the initial purge is most effective at getting rid of unnecessary items.

It takes longer than you can imagine putting your house back together after a remodel is complete. Be kind to yourself and understand that it can take time to restore organization to a new space.

Replacing flooring has a huge ripple effect. You’ll need to remove everything from a room, including all furniture and closet items. If you replace all the flooring on a particular level of your house, the sheer movement of stuff can be overwhelming.

It may be helpful to designate a spokesperson. We found that one person in our family is more opinionated than the other, especially when it comes to house projects. Agree as to who that is and put them in charge of making the small decisions that make crop up during the process.

Treat yourself. Build into your budget a few dollars for upgrading items in your new room. Something like new towels, rugs, shades or dishes can be the perfect final touch to a brand-new space.

Educate yourself on material care. If your new space includes materials that are new to you, it’s important to determine how best to care for them so that they have a long life.

Lastly, enjoy it. Really appreciate the amount of time you waited with a less than perfect space and then take in the gorgeous room you’re now able to use.

Prefinished Hardwood Flooring

What can damage hardwood floors?

Wood floors are incredibly durable and are able to endure a lot of wear and tear. This material is known to last a long time, and once it is freshly installed, it is expected that it will be able to keep its shine and smooth look for many years to come.

However, there are many factors that may cause one’s hardwood flooring in Pottstown to wear out and get damaged before their time.

Wood can be damaged by these three factors:

1. Moisture

Excessive moisture can easily be seen as a wood floors’ worst enemy. Most wood material is not able to expand and contract without suffering damage. Moisture forces the very absorptive boards to expand and this causes many problems to occur. Wood that is buckling, has concave or convex deformities, or is loose when stepped on can all be contributed to moisture problems.

Individuals need to make sure the humidity level in their home is relatively low and that extra precaution is taken when the materials are being installed. If the wood is installed properly it can last a very long time, however, getting moisture into the wood when it is installed can lead to serious problems only a little while after installation.

2. Heat

Just as moisture can cause wood to expand, too much heat can also cause it to shrink. This can cause gaps to occur in one’s ground. If one wants to prevent excessive heat drying out their beautiful ground materials they need to ensure that the temperature of the house is kept as moderate as possible.

3. Recurrent Damage

Constantly having things fall on the ground or scraping furniture repeatedly across the ground is a surefire way to cause some visible damage. Yes, wood is extremely resistant to damage and is very tough, but that does not mean one can continue to hammer down on it as much as they want. Treat them delicately and they will last many more years to come.

If one wants their ground material to last as long as possible then they need to ensure they are taking the proper precautions and keeping their ground in good condition. Hardwood needs to be kept relatively dry and it also needs to be kept at adequate temperatures. Making sure to keep one’s ground from suffering continuous damage is also important if one wants to see them last a long time.

It is important to note that keeping the ground clean is also a good method to extend is lifetime. Dirty floors are more likely to decay and collect moisture than wood that is cleaned on a regular basis.

Common things that damage hardwood floors

Beautiful hardwood floors can last for generations when properly cared for. In fact, it’s not uncommon to find historic properties with original flooring. Their hardiness is one of the reasons why hardwood flooring is so popular.

Although quality floors can last for a long time, damage to hardwood floors can occur, and it can happen with common issues, including:

  • High heels: High heels on wood floors can scuff or even scratch the surface. Going shoe-free or wearing slippers indoors can help you keep your floors beautiful. Not wearing outdoor shoes inside can also help you avoid tracking dirt and germs into your home.
  • Pet nails: Fido’s or Fluffy’s nails can cause scratches to your flooring, making your wood floors look dull or damaged with time. Trimming your pet’s nails before you hear that tell-tale “click click click” on the floors is comfortable and healthy for your pet and helps you keep your home looking its best.
  • Furniture: Every time you sit down on furniture, the legs of your chairs, sofas and other pieces can dig into the wood, leaving scratches and even gouges. Place furniture pads under all your furniture and on all furniture legs. Check the furniture pads regularly to make sure they are still on correctly and have not fallen off. You may need to replace them as they wear down so they provide enough cushion.
  • Moving: Moving any item of furniture is a high-risk situation for your hardwood floors. Dropping a heavy item on your floors can cause indentations and dragging a heavy piece across the surface can leave deep gouges. Always lift furniture completely off the floor and set it down gently. Work with professional movers where possible and use thick moving blankets under any furniture that’s too heavy to lift and must be dragged across the floor.
  • Debris: Tiny debris, such as pieces of gravel, can be ground into the surface of your floor and can even become embedded in the surface.
  • Liquid: Liquid can seep in the seams and can cause moisture damage. In serious cases, it can cause mold and warping.
  • Sunlight: Sunshine directly on your floors can cause fading and discoloration. It will also create an uneven look since areas near your windows will be most affected. Always close your drapes or use sheer curtains to protect your home.

How To Protect Wood Floors

Knowing how to protect your floors lets you make the most out of your investment, and there are a few things you can do to keep your flooring looking great. Here are a few tips for protecting your hardwood flooring:

  • Clean your floors properly: Sweep floors regularly and do not use large amounts of liquid. Use damp mops and dry, soft brooms instead. If you notice a spill or any debris, clean it up at once. Never use cleaners with acrylics or urethane. Read the label and make sure you’re using a cleaner intended for hardwood floors. When using a new cleaner for the first time, use it on a tiny and inconspicuous part of the floor first.
  • Maintain your hardwood floors: Get familiar with the manufacturer guidelines that came with your hardwood flooring. Maintain your floors as directed.
  • Consider additional protection: In high-traffic areas, especially, use a mat or area rug to protect your floors. However, avoid rubber backings and rubber no-slip treads. A combination felt and rubber pad is much gentler on floors.

Limit Floor’s Traffic and Impact

Hardwood flooring is excellent at standing up against normal traffic and impact. But it’s the abnormal wear and tear that you need to protect against.

Children are not the sole cause of ruined hardwood flooring. But they do rank on top as one of the major causes of hardwood damage. Kids, of course, can sometimes be intentionally malicious: gouging floors with protractors, pounding floors with toys, letting loose with indelible markers. But most often, kids ruin hardwood floors because adults have not taken proper precautions.

Be vigilant about keeping wheeled toys out of the house. Wheeled toys that sometimes go outside are sure to pick up pebbles in the treads and scratch the hardwood. The same goes for children’s shoes. Enforce a no-shoes policy in the house.

It’s not just children who can ruin a hardwood flooring. Adults contribute their share of damage. Watch for and limit:

  • High heels
  • Sliding furniture legs
  • Small rocks underfoot
  • Sliding large boxes

Things You Should Never Do to Your Wood Floor

Wood flooring is on-trend and quite durable, but there are some things that can damage it and result in expensive repairs. To keep your wood floors looking beautiful for as long as possible, don’t do these things.

Don’t Wear Shoes

Wearing shoes on your hardwood floor, especially high heels, is just asking for scuffs and scratches. In addition, moisture and dirt from your shoes can seep into your flooring and cause further damage.

  • Don’t Let Your Pets’ Nails Get Too Long

Keeping your dog or cat from ever walking on your hardwood floor is an impossible task. However, to ensure that their feet do as little damage to your floor as possible, it is a good idea to trim their nails often. Your floor (and your pets) will appreciate it!

  • Don’t Go Without Furniture Pads

Of course you’ll need to furnish your rooms regardless of the flooring, but be sure to invest in some small pads for the bottom of your table and chair legs. Moving your furniture around, and even accidentally nudging them here and there, can cause serious scuffing and even gouges.

  • Don’t Use Harsh Cleaners

While it is important to clean your floors regularly, make sure to use only solutions designed specifically for wood flooring, and do not pour any cleaner directly onto your floor. Moisture damage can occur if the wood absorbs too much liquid. Instead, put a small amount of the cleaner onto your mop or cleaning pad first, then wipe it on your floor.

  • Don’t Roll on Wheels

The hard plastic wheels on the bottom of your home office chair or rolling storage bench can scratch up your wood floor in no time. If you can’t replace the wheels with furniture feet and pads, add a rug or rubber mat under your wheeled pieces before you drag or push them around.

  • Don’t Forget to Refinish

Even if you don’t do any of these things to your wood floor, it will still show signs of wear over time. As you see fine scratches appear, it’s time to reapply the protective finish. This will smooth out any slight imperfections and give your floor a beautiful, new shine.

Professional Commercial Painting Secrets Revealed

How can you tell if a paint job is bad?

When you hire a professional painting team to repaint your interior, you expect professional results. Unfortunately, that’s not always what you get. Unskilled or dishonest painters can leave you with walls that look untidy, fast become blistered or cracked, and end up looking a whole lot worse than what you started with. If you suspect the painting team you hired has delivered anything less than perfect, we suggest keeping an eye out for the following four tell-tale signs of a bad paint job.

1. Stains and flaws are visible through the paint

We cannot tell you how many times we’ve been called into a freshly painted property only to find stains, marks, dents, and other flaws on the walls. If you can see areas of discolouration or uneven surface texture after you’ve called in the so-called pros, chances are they failed to do one or more of the following:

  • Clean your walls: if your walls are stained before the paint is applied and there is no effort to remove these stains, they’ll most likely be visible through the newly applied paint. This is especially true if you have opted for a white or light colour.
  • Fill in any holes: all holes, including small holes from things like picture hooks, should be filled, sanded, and primed before paint is applied.
  • Prime: primer helps cover up stubborn marks and ensures your new paint shows true-to-colour.

2. The paint is streaky or blistered

Streaks and blisters are clear signs that your paint was not applied properly. Most likely, the painting team you hired didn’t give each coat enough time to dry before applying subsequent coats. This traps moisture – as well as dust and dirt particles in the air – beneath the paint, preventing it from properly adhering to the surface.

3. The paint looks faded

Generally, faded paint suggests that the painter didn’t apply the correct number of coats. Most paints require two or more coats to ensure they show up clear, vibrant, and true-to-colour. This tell-tale sign is particularly noticeable if you’ve chosen a dark or bright colour for your walls.

4. You have paint splatters all over your floor

Yes, DIYers do tend to end up with paint splatters all over their floor and furniture. But professionals should have the experience – and, quite frankly, the respect – to ensure their clients’ homes and belongings are properly protected throughout the painting process. Your professional painters should move all furniture into the centre of the room before laying drop cloths over the floors and using painters’ tape to cover up any fittings and fixtures.

No Wall Preparation Was Done

For a paint job to turn out well, the wall must be clean and largely free from damage. Before applying paint, a professional painter prepares the wall by repairing minor flaws such as small dents and cracks, removing old paint when necessary or sanding old high-gloss paint so the new paint will stick. After this, the painter should thoroughly clean and rinse the wall, then allow it to dry.

Your painter should also come prepared with more than just some buckets of paint and a brush. They’ll need caulk, various types of brushes and rollers, edging tools, a sturdy ladder, and other professional supplies. If you see them using masking tape instead of painter’s tape, which is wider and typically blue or green, you know the job is unlikely to go well.

There was no room preparation

Any successful paint job begins with solid room preparation. It’s this step of the process that ensures all your belongings are safe, protected, and out of the way of the work being done. In order to be best protected from paint products, abrasive tools, and work boots, the floor of the room being painted must be covered with a layer of plastic. All furniture that can be moved out of that space should be relocated, and whatever needs to stay should be layered with drop cloths to prevent paint spots. Failing to do these things can make the room—and the items in it—susceptible to damage that could’ve been avoided. As such, if your painters happen to skip this step, it’s probably a sign that you should call off the project.

The wall wasn’t cleaned or repaired

Our home’s walls can collect and hold onto years worth of dirt, dust, and grime—all of which can affect how well new paint sticks to its surface. Painting a wall without properly cleaning and repairing it first raises the risk of your finished product being blotchy, inconsistent, and simply unpleasant to look at. Because of this, the painters that you choose to take on the work must also be willing to wipe down the walls and allow it enough time to dry before starting. If they apply the paint while the wall is still wet, the fresh product could also fail to stick at all and begin running down the surfaces. Therefore, you’ll want to find professionals who are willing to take their time and do what’s necessary to get the paint to apply properly.


These are the most common auto paint job errors. Having sags, drips, and dried streaks in professional painting is inexcusable. You can tell poor brush or roller technique by the shadows forming around and under them.

Paint splatters/drippings – Take the time to check the floor, furniture, and walls adjacent to the painted surface. If you see splatters and drips, this means that the auto shop did not use drop clothes or employ correct “cutting in” techniques.

Stipple – Stipple refers to the texture or pattern that is left behind by paint rollers. A wrong brush was used if you see stipples that are quite heavy.

Over spray – This happens when paint is not correctly applied. Different factors may affect this process, including the spray tip, weather conditions, and use of spray shields. A knowledgeable auto paint shop knows how to handle these situations.

Improper/incomplete substrate repair – If you notice chalking, staining, peeling, or an inconsistent texture or sheen on your paint job, this indicates that you receive poor interior or exterior substrate work.

Lack of Primer

A good painting company will ensure that they use primer on your interior walls prior to painting. Primer guarantees greater longevity of your paint. It enhances the color and helps with a smooth application and finish.

No Second Coat

Skipping the second coat of paint is another sign of a poor paint job. A company that excludes this step is looking to cut corners. This will not only cost you timely repairs later but also more money later to fix this mistake. By applying two coats of paint, your walls will look better, and the color will last longer.

Bypassing the Color Consultation

Do not forget to have a color consultation with the company you hire. If the professional painting contractor does not discuss the colors you want, you might end up with a paint job you are unhappy with down the road. It is essential to discuss this with your contractor in order to be happy with the results.

The Best In Home Remodeling

Super Easy DIY Home Improvement Ideas

Ever wished that you could give your home a new look without the extensive cost and time of a complete renovation? Well if you’re willing to put in a little bit of work, there are plenty of DIY home improvement projects you can undertake that will help transform your space—no contractor required.

Swap out dated fixtures

It’s amazing what a new fixture can do for a room. Ditch those frosted glass pendants in the kitchen for contemporary glass globe fixtures complete with Edison bulbs; hang a chandelier above the master bed; get rid of your old ceiling fans and replace them with fans that are more modern and efficient. As long as you already have the wires in place, swapping in new light fixtures is a fast project that brings a major improvement to any room.

Go for a yellow glow

Speaking of light fixtures, you can completely change the ambiance in your home for the better simply by replacing any harsh white bulbs with calming yellow ones. Be sure to opt for LEDs so that your new bulbs last for a long time. Another way to maximize your home’s inner glow: install dimmers in place of existing light switches so that you can set the brightness in each room depending on your mood and the time of day.

Maximize the utility of unused corners with shelving

We all have corners in our homes that we don’t quite know what to do with. One easy DIY solution: install some simple floating shelves, which give you more storage space and look great at the same time. It requires a bit of woodwork, but it’s worth it to take a previously unused corner and turn it into a statement corner.

Hack your furniture

If you’re sick of your old furniture but don’t want to spring for the cost of replacements, go with the next best thing and upgrade your existing pieces. There are a ton of creative options for giving new life to old furniture, including painting, reupholstering, and using adhesive contact paper to add shapes and designs.

Confessions Of A Fixer-Upper: The Good, The Bad And The Costly

With these house transformation shows, in just an hour or even half-hour, we witness the before, during and after of a home renovation; in reality, it might be weeks or even months of work shown on fast-forward. Not to mention, we watch our favorite shows convert the “worst house in the best neighborhood” without any setbacks or strife.

Good Bones, Better Neighborhood

the home is not quite historic, but holds significance on its block. It was built as the first model house in the neighborhood, and most of the features of the home were part of the original design and construction, never altered.

“We’re keeping a lot of original aspects and putting them back into the remodel,” explained Hannah. “It excites me that we get to make it our own while still using part of the history, keeping the touches of the previous family, as well.”

The Orrs fell in love with both the bones and location of the home, joking that it was “the worst house in one of the better neighborhoods,” and they were more than happy to take on the responsibility of renovating the home.

More and more homes are being built the farther out you go, while there are also homes that are being torn down because people can’t keep up with them,” explained. “It excites me to put the money and work into fixing up a house that otherwise would’ve just continued to get worse and worse until foreclosure and maybe even teardown.”

Is There a Difference Between a Renovation and a Remodel? We Asked the Pros

They say that Rome wasn’t built in a day—and neither was your dream home. If we’re being totally honest, very few domestic endeavors compare to the time, energy, and sometimes stress of tackling a home renovation. Or is it a remodel? Chances are, you probably use renovation and remodel interchangeably, which may not seem like a big deal in the face of the cost to remodel a house, but could still reveal the extent of your experience (or lack thereof) with home updates.

No matter which term you use, there’s a good chance whoever you’re talking to knows what you’re referring to, but have you ever stopped and wondered if you’re using the correct word? Or if the contractors, designers, paint pros, and other experts you’re working with think you’re unfamiliar with the process because you’re using the wrong word?

Technically, yes: A renovation and remodel are different. If you crack open a dictionary, you’ll find that the renovation definition and remodel definition have some major differences. While a remodel is changing the form of something (adding a new shower to an existing bathroom), renovation focuses more on restoring something old into good repair (fixing up a creaky floor, for example, or taking on a kitchen renovation cost).

“I think renovation and remodel are often used hand in hand,” Rodgers says. “We’re making subtle, very pointed changes in order to turn [a space] into something that functionally makes sense.”

In their experience, the term renovation (or remodel!) is often associated with a totally different word: flipping. And while home makeovers can help increase your space’s value—which is especially convenient if you’re looking to sell—they’re not always synonymous with flips.

What to Know BEFORE You Renovate: Experts Weigh In

As we start to shift our gazes toward the new beginnings that a new year and a new decade bring (yes, already!), we’re contemplating all things “fresh” at home. Maybe 2020 is the year you finally commit to the renovation you’ve been dreaming about for years … or at least get the ball rolling. We chatted with a few of Nashville’s most talented builders and architects to give us the honest scoop around renovations — particularly what you need to know before you get started. What do we need to do? How can we prepare? Scroll down for the tips you should know before you start a renovation.

suggest clients begin collecting images of spaces and things they might want to incorporate in their renovation. We strongly suggest clients prepare a “wish list” of things the renovation should include. The list will certainly include big things, like needing another bedroom or additional bathrooms. It should also include simple, less obvious things such as a better flow for entertaining, an easier way to let the dog out, or more storage for sports gear.

Establishing renovation priorities is also very helpful. A comprehensive “wish list” should include everything, but it is good to separate the critical “needs” from the more flexible “wants.” We love the process of reinventing a house, and we also enjoy helping clients figure out simple solutions to everyday problems.

Go house hunting! We encourage clients to look at other houses in their price range. It is a great way to determine features they like and helps evaluate what YOUR home needs. Understanding what is available and what things cost is critical to undertaking a thoughtful and economically sound renovation project. The take away: a greater appreciation for the attributes of their home and the financial value of a successful renovation.

Preparation for a renovation is key for a smooth transition into projects of all sizes. Preparation does not just entail the physical act of storing tentatively displaced items in boxes. In fact, the mindset for renovation is essential also. Regardless of which room (or rooms) are targeted, a client needs to prepare mentally to avoid feelings of upheaval. A contractor, or small group of contractors, could be in your home for a significant amount of time. Sharing personal space that is usually sacred for family members can wear on even the most patient of homeowners.

Things to Consider When Remodeling a Kitchen

An updated kitchen can add value and functionality to a house, but the remodeling process can feel daunting. Considering these ten items early on can help ensure a more successful and speedy remodel.

Even for experienced builders, remodeling has its “oh no” moments. And if you’re remodeling a kitchen — the most complicated and expensive room in most houses — you’re navigating a minefield of them. With careful planning, however, you can avoid common kitchen-remodel pitfalls and get yourself into your new kitchen sooner.

Design the perfect kitchen island for the space.

Some kitchens aren’t big enough for an island. Don’t install one unless you have at least 36 in. of clearance all the way around. A clearance of 42 in. is better, and 48 in. is ideal. If you do install a kitchen island, be careful what goes into it. Remember that an island also requires electrical outlets (usually one on each side) to meet code.

Do electrical work according to code.

In most places, homeowners can do their own electrical work, but that doesn’t exempt them from code requirements. Here are the most common electrical-code violations committed by do-it-yourselfers in the kitchen:

• Failing to provide two 20-amp appliance circuits

• Powering lights with the 20-amp appliance circuits

• Failing to protect countertop circuits with a GFCI

• Not installing enough outlets along the counter (no spot can be farther than 24 in. from a receptacle)

Make a schedule and stick to it.

There’s a lot to plan when remodeling a kitchen, so don’t start demolishing your old kitchen too soon. Have appliances, cabinets, plumbing fixtures, and any other major components on hand before you begin. Also, having everything on hand lets you confirm exact measurements and installation specs. Schedule the plumber, electrician, tilesetter, and other subcontractors well in advance. A proper remodel is carefully choreographed, and even then you’ll have to juggle schedules at the last minute.

What Are The Most Frequently Asked To Be Accountant

Basic Accounting Procedures

What are the six steps in the accounting cycle?

Using generally accepted accounting principles, accountants record and report financial data in similar ways for all firms. They report their findings in financial statements that summarize a company’s business transactions over a specified time period. As mentioned earlier, the three major financial statements are the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows.

People sometimes confuse accounting with bookkeeping. Accounting is a much broader concept. Bookkeeping, the system used to record a firm’s financial transactions, is a routine, clerical process. Accountants take bookkeepers’ transactions, classify and summarize the financial information, and then prepare and analyze financial reports. Accountants also develop and manage financial systems and help plan the firm’s financial strategy.

The Accounting Cycle

The accounting cycle refers to the process of generating financial statements, beginning with a business transaction and ending with the preparation of the report. (Figure) shows the six steps in the accounting cycle. The first step in the cycle is to analyze the data collected from many sources. All transactions that have a financial impact on the firm—sales, payments to employees and suppliers, interest and tax payments, purchases of inventory, and the like—must be documented. The accountant must review the documents to make sure they’re complete

Next, each transaction is recorded in a journal, a listing of financial transactions in chronological order. The journal entries are then recorded in ledgers, which show increases and decreases in specific asset, liability, and owners’ equity accounts. The ledger totals for each account are summarized in a trial balance, which is used to confirm the accuracy of the figures. These values are used to prepare financial statements and management reports. Finally, individuals analyze these reports and make decisions based on the information in them.

QuickBooks is a well-known software developer that provides business-management solutions to businesses of different sizes. The company’s accounting software tools benefit professionals by automating a broad range of accounting and other business tasks. QuickBooks has become standard in the accounting and business fields, assisting in managerial decision-making and streamlining bookkeeping and accounting processes

Accounting Best Practices Ignored: Ways Entrepreneurs Waste Money on Accounting and Stifle Growth

That is unfortunate because effective accounting is a quiet ingredient of business success. Articles on marketing and leadership steal the headlines, but rock-solid companies have a rock-solid approach to accounting, almost without exception.

I recently witnessed the virtual collapse of a promising company with a beautiful product line, a dashing website, and an owner who knew how to network. The major lack was a good job costing system to show the true cost of each manufactured product.

Neglect the Month End Close

A “close” is where you formally review each line on your balance sheet and make any necessary corrections. In the end, the reviewed period is locked down, so it cannot be changed. Ideally, this is done monthly, as soon after month end as possible.

Why is a month end close necessary?

An income statement can only be accurate if the balance sheet is accurate. Even if you don’t understand why, latch on to this concept and don’t forget it. Most lines on an income statement happen without much thought (e.g. customer invoices automatically populate the revenue line) but generating a clean balance sheet takes manual effort and review.

Without a formal close, the bottom line is never final. I’ve seen accountants go back even months later and make significant adjustments to past months. In that environment, monthly financials become meaningless because everyone knows they will change.

A formal close draws attention to the monthly results. In a business that has a timely formal close, the owners look forward to the close date and the final numbers. This focus on results leads to better financial decisions and timely reaction to trends.

Develop Complex Incentive Programs

Many businesses are making this mistake and don’t even realize it. That is because incentive programs tend to evolve over time and only gradually turn into a mess.

Reasons you may want to hire an accountant to do your taxes

Filing your taxes can be a hassle, depending on your situation. If you’re just an individual filling out a W-2, you can likely handle that yourself. But when your return is more complex, you might find it’s worth hiring a professional — someone who can save you not only time and stress but also money.

You have a small business or side-hustle

If you own your own business, there are many possible tax write-offs, and a professional has the expertise to help you navigate them.

The IRS contacts you

Even if the IRS reaches out asking for something as simple as substantiation of expenses related to a car you bought, Kohler recommends looping in a professional. “It could be a seemingly benign or innocuous letter,” he says. “But, if you handle it incorrectly, it can turn into a big deal quickly.”

You’re planning for your kids to go to college

If you have a child heading to college and you’re planning on filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), assistance could be helpful.

You own a rental property

A return on a real estate investment can get tricky, and a professional can help you figure out what kinds of deductions you may be entitled to.

What does an accountant do?

An accountant prepares financial documents and checks those documents for accuracy, and he or she may make recommendations based on an organization’s or individual’s financial status. People who work in the field provide an indispensable service by helping their clients, or company, ensure solvency and grow in prosperity.

What Can You Expect from an Accounting Job? Responsibilities

An accountant’s primary function is to organize financial data and make recommendations based on that data. However, it isn’t really fair to make sweeping generalizations about what accountants do because there are several different types of accountants. While the bare bones of each accounting field might be the same, the specifics can vary widely.

Types of accountants:

Financial accountant

Management accountant

Tax accountant

Government accountant

Project accountant

Forensic accountant

Social accountant

Public accountant

Depending on an accountant’s specialty field and position within a company, he or she may perform any of the following duties:

Scrutinize financial documents to make sure they are accurate and complete.

Prepare financial documents and reports.

Offer recommendations to help clients make wise financial decisions.

Work to comply with local, state, and federal laws. Stay up to date on these laws as they change from year to year.

Keep financial records organized and up to date.

Use sophisticated accounting software to make the most of provided data.

Help businesses and individuals be more efficient financially.

Look for discrepancies in financial data and correct errors.

Investigate any oddities in financial statements.

Conduct audits for businesses and individuals.

Work with fellow accountants to provide comprehensive reports for businesses.

Accounting Interview Questions to Ask Every Time

Assessing an Applicant’s Skills

When you’re trying to gauge a candidate’s technical skills, it’s often best to ask straightforward accounting interview questions. But you can also learn something about applicants’ soft skills with these types of queries.

How do you stay up to date on current accounting laws and regulations?

Given the rate of change in the accounting and finance industry, it’s crucial to hire accounting and finance professionals who make a point of staying informed. Top candidates will be able to tell you how they monitor the latest developments, whether it’s through subscriptions to industry publications, memberships in professional organizations, or attendance at accounting conferences and webinars.

What are the top three skills every good accountant has?

In response to this interview question, applicants will typically name what they think are their three best attributes. Look for candidates who focus on a mix of hard skills, such as knowledge of big data concepts, and softer attributes like business acumen, communication skills and customer service skills. Top applicants will include examples of how they’ve demonstrated and developed these skills in past jobs

What types of accounting software have you used in previous jobs?

Include this in your list of accounting interview questions to ask because you’ll learn whether a candidate already knows the system you use at your firm or whether training during the first days on the job will be required.

Give me examples of the types of reports you generated in your last job.

Like the previous question, this query will provide insight into a candidate’s experience and whether it fits well with the job duties of the open position. If you’re looking for someone to generate income and cash flow statements, for example, it’s good to know how — or if — a candidate has prepared these types of reports in the past.

Hiring Someone To Help You With Your Auto Repair Online

Ultimate Auto Repair Software


Keep track of all your recurring clients and their vehicles so that you provide a smooth and worry-free service to your customers


ARI comes packed with a very powerful set of reporting options and accounting tools that will make your life so much simpler.


Use pre-built inspection checklists or create your own customized list of inspection items. You can also mark vehicle damage interactively


ARI will send automatic reminders to your clients via email when their car service is due. In return, clients can make online appointments to your shop via a custom link we provide.


Create jobCards, distribute work to your technicians, generate estimates for your clients, and send quality invoices in minutes


Order spare parts and keep all your items in categories so you never miss a part and always have a good understanding of your inventory.

Skip the repair shop


Get a quote and book a service online 24/7. Our mechanics will come to your home or office, even on evenings and weekends


offer fair and transparent pricing and provide estimates upfront for hundreds of services on thousands of cars. Book with confidence.


We only work with highly rated mechanics.

All services are backed by our 12-month / 12,000-mile warranty.

Car trouble? can help

Book a service online and mechanics will come to your home or office to service your car. make the entire process easy for you. Using website and mobile apps, you can access the maintenance schedule of all your cars, get a fair and transparent price, book an appointment, make payments, access service history and get maintenance reminders. And since don’t have the overhead cost of a shop, are able to charge less while providing a convenient service.

Is Auto Repair Insurance Better Than a Car Warranty?

Nothing can take a bite out of a wallet more than automotive repairs, especially when they are unexpected. A car can experience unexpected breakdowns just as much as regular issues due to aging. When something does go wrong, you can’t simply leave the vehicle sitting in the road or driveway. To avoid having an expensive paperweight, you will need to get it fixed.

To avoid paying more than necessary for automotive maintenance and repairs, many people turn to auto repair insurance. Insurance can offer the potential to give you some major savings on automotive work under the right conditions.

But it’s important to know when insurance can help and what you may need to do to take full advantage of the policy. More importantly, it also pays to know how it differs from the more common and popular bumper-to-bumper/powertrain and extended warranties vehicle owners use.

Going with a factory extended warranty is a good option for basic protection, but you can get more and save more with Endurance, ranked the top extended warranty provider by Consumer Advocates, Consumer Affairs, and Retirement Living.

Offering more comprehensive coverage on repairs and services OEM warranties list in exclusions, an Endurance warranty actually provides the type of coverage many disappointed vehicle owners assume automakers just include automatically.

Auto Repair

Wouldn’t you agree, though, that it’s really the little things throughout the year that make the difference, not the grand gesture once a year? Well, the same holds true for how you care for your automobile! When you take care of your vehicle regularly, showing a little love with the little things that matter, your car will drive better, last longer and reward you with lower maintenance bills in the long run.

Buy your car a drink. That’s right, cars get thirsty too, and not just when they run low on fuel. When was the last time you checked or replaced the rest of your car’s fluids? Oil, transmission, steering, brake fluids, these all need regular attention. And be sure to give your car the right drink. You may think any oil will do, but not all cars require the same oil. A good mechanic can help you with this. You can also check your owner’s manual, which brings us to the next point.

Get to know your vehicle. It’s easy to get caught up in the excitement of a new car or truck, exploring all the features, learning how it responds on the road, and generally falling in love with your vehicle. We understand (we really do love our cars), but have you taken the time to read the owner’s manual or get to know your vehicle under the hood? Do you really understand your car’s needs and are you doing the right things to meet those needs?

Treat your car or truck right. If you’re treating your current vehicle the same as you have treated every other vehicle you’ve ever driven, chances are you’re not treating it right. Ignorance is bliss, as they say, but when it comes to car love, it will catch up with you. Every car or truck is different and has different needs based on the make, model and age, and also how it is driven, where it is stored, and what it is used for.

Take care of the little things. To keep your auto happy, safe and running smoothly, then at the very least, you should do these simple little things on a regular basis:

Change the oil

Change the air filter

Check your tire pressure

Rotate the tires

Replace windshield wipers

Stick to a regular maintenance schedule (This one thing will cover all the rest!)

Automotive Repair

The Automotive Repair Act requires auto repair shops are required to make specific disclosures to consumers and prohibits certain unlawful practices.

NOTE: The law does not apply to repairs resulting from collisions, repairs under $100, or retail merchandise installed at a customer’s request for a firm price where there is no diagnosis.

Required Disclosures

Before performing any repair work, repair shops must provide the consumer with a written estimate. Among other items, the estimate must include:

charges for parts, labor, and diagnostic test

description of parts

disclosure of whether parts are new or used

statement of whether repairs are required or suggested

date, odometer reading, and length of time needed to repair vehicle (if more than one day)

method for calculation of labor costs

Required Consumers’ Rights

As a consumer, you have a right to a written estimate. It can be either:

An itemized estimate separating parts and labor, which the shop cannot exceed by more than 10%; or

A non-itemized estimate stating the total price for repair which the shop cannot exceed at all.


A repair shop must provide a copy of the invoice to the consumer. Invoices shall indicate:

itemized costs of parts and labor

odometer reading

warranties, if any

total price

Simple Ways To Find A Professional Home Inspection

Best Advertisement Home Inspection

We have had other inspections in the past and we were not very impressed with the inspector we hired and he only found minor problems. We ended up not buying the home because it did not appraise for the asking price. After we got our offer accepted on the second home we found, we decided not to use one of the inspectors on the list we were given and we did some research online

extremely punctual, thorough, professional, patient, detailed, polite, and honest. John personally walked me through, and talked through every single item in their detailed inspection report. This included the various solutions to items found.

The house we were looking at was being sold “as is” so a good inspector was very important to us as we knew the house would need work.

including every square inch of the attic and roof. He was very thorough finding even the tiniest of details. Afterwards he gave us a printed report

hired him to inspect the renovated historic home we recently purchased, and his thorough inspection and detailed report gave us the peace of mind we needed prior to buying a house with many older features as well as modern upgrades

Consumers’ Guide to Home Inspections

Advice for people hiring a home inspector:

This article gives tips on getting the most from a licensed professional ASHI (or other association) home inspection, who attends, what services to order, handling conflicts of interest, real estate agent attendance, property owner attendance, water and septic testing, termite reports, lead paint, radon, other advice for home buyers about attending the home inspection and choosing tests and services, and some typical fees.

What is Included in a Professional Home Inspection

The Home Inspection: the inspector will examine (essentially visually) the physical condition of the building and its mechanical systems and at other conditions that may affect the building (such as site drainage) and will provide a written report.

A Written Home Inspection Report: There is too much information, some of it possibly involving significant cost or important safety findings, for any professional to provide an “oral only” home inspection. The inspection findings must be provided in writing. We use the Home Reference Book which is delivered at the end of the inspection. Other inspectors may provide a typed narrative report or an annotated “checklist” report. Any report form can be acceptable provided it is clear, thorough, and sufficiently detailed.

Watch out: A so called home inspection “report” which is a simple “ok” or “not ok” checklist, or a sort of “inventory” (Asphalt shingle roof, vinyl siding, concrete block foundation) is really just an “inventory” of building material types. As an inspection for costly or dangerous defects such a report is totally inadequate and does not meet the standards of practice for the profession.

All home inspection findings will be written in your report. What the inspector tells you orally at the inspection must agree exactly with what’s written in your report, and vice versa. If you receive an oral warning of something costly or unsafe, that information should appear clearly in the written report too.

Ancillary tests which are not required by the home inspection standards of practice may nonetheless be offered by your inspector, such as water or septic testing, or a termite or radon inspection or test. These are discussed below.

Time and Attention at the Property: You should accompany the inspector (me) and look, listen, and ask questions. Be prepared to spend 3-4 hours at the property. Be sure your real estate agent knows how long you expect to be at the property and that they let the property owners know as well.

The time required to inspect a building is not fixed. But if I were inspecting an easy one-family house in good condition, and if I were working alone, with no one to ask questions or chat with, it would still take me at least 2 1/2 hours simply to direct my attention to every item and system on a building that needs my consideration.

If I allow for the presence of my client who will have questions or who needs to hear explanations, the process is easily 3 hours or longer for a detailed, thorough, inspection.

The time required to inspect properly depends not only on building size but on the age and complexity of the structure and its mechanical systems as well as the ease or difficulty of access to various systems and components. But if your inspector is scheduling inspections at odd times like “11:15 to 12:10” or if the inspector is spending an hour and a half at a property, unless it’s a very small and simple structure, you might wonder what shortcuts are being taken.

A home inspection fee: Fees for the inspection and any other services are usually payable at the site, usually by personal check. An invoice will be provided. Readers should be sure to see HOW MUCH SHOULD YOU PAY for PROFESSIONAL SERVICES? where we explain the costs of hiring a too-cheap home inspector or any other service.

Follow-up consulting: In our professional home inspection or environmental inspection and testing practice, there is no fee for follow-up questions in clarification of the inspection report. In fact we like you to call to ask questions – it increases the value of our service, and the feedback makes us better at our job. Some inspectors feel differently and may discourage follow-up conversations or email. An inspector who knows your property and who is committed to protecting your interest should be willing to discuss the report or even future problems that may come up.

Home Inspections: A Checklist for Buyer Confidence

A home inspection is an important part of the homebuying process. In some states, sellers do their own home inspection, typically with a professional home inspector that they hire, and then buyers can do an optional inspection once a home is under contract. In other places, the seller is only responsible to provide disclosures. Someone on the buyer’s team arranges the inspection with a professional inspector of their choice, with the goal of resolving all issues before closing.

A home inspection checklist has a lot in common with a disclosures checklist, but not everything. That’s why even in states where it’s not mandatory, sellers often choose to get their own inspection. That way they know before beginning to show their house what’s damaged or in disrepair, and they can take any necessary steps to fix the issues before they derail a sale.

The professional home inspector

Home inspectors complete coursework of between 40 and 140 hours, depending on the state. They often get hands-on training from an accredited program. Individuals then are required to pass an exam and complete an application. Most states also require home inspectors to be licensed.

Getting a home inspection as a seller

As a seller, you are not always required to do a home inspection prior to putting your house on the market. The rules vary according to where you are. However, if you decide to have an inspection, it makes sense to hire a professional inspector instead of trying to do your own.

Why do a home inspection as a seller?

If a home inspection is not required in your area, the reason to still do it is twofold: First, you’ll then know ahead of time the condition of systems and structural components in your home. There won’t be any surprises when the buyer’s home inspection arrives.

What To Expect During A Home Inspection

When you buy a home, it can feel like the list of things to do is never-ending. A home inspection is one of the many important things that will be at the top of your to-do list.

While you’ve seen the house you’re about to buy, a home inspection brings in a neutral third party to give you a professional assessment of certain things in the home. It can help you identify issues you may have missed and avoid possible surprises in the future. Above all, it can help you become a more informed home buyer.

What Is A Home Inspection?

A home inspection is a visual inspection of a property. It’s kind of like an annual check-up at the doctor. It’s used to make sure everything is working properly and it can be useful to spot things that might eventually become a problem. A home inspector looks at a number of different items in a home and gives a professional opinion on the status.

A home inspector’s report should highlight whether there are any problems that were visible, repairs that are needed, and potential risks that the inspector wasn’t able to see.

What Do Home Inspectors Look For?

During a home inspection the inspector will look at areas that are easily accessible and able to be inspected visually. That includes the roof, basement, walls, ceilings, floors, windows, doors, HVAC system, plumbing, and electrical system. A home inspection may also include other elements, so ask exactly what will be included in the home inspection.


The home inspection isn’t a step homebuyers should skip. Foregoing the home inspection could cost buyers lots of money later. You wouldn’t want to buy a $300,000 house and later discover a huge defect that will cost thousands of dollars to repair. A home inspection is like the doctor’s checkup you get covering major systems and diagnosing problems. Many states require sellers to provide buyers with property condition disclosure forms, but it’s a good idea to hire an independent home inspector.


A home inspection is a detailed report prepared by a home inspector about the condition of home systems, deterioration, and recommendations. The inspection could take between 2 and 5 hours and may cost between $250 and $500. Many buyers attend home inspections so they can better understand the issues, ask questions, and learn more about the house and its major systems.


Buyers often order home inspections to ensure the major systems are in good condition and that there are no serious, expensive defects. Sellers might order a pre-listing inspection to identify major problems that need to be fixed before the house is put on the market. Common in most sales contracts, a home inspection contingency makes a sales conditional upon the outcome of the home inspection report. A home inspection is also a good way to identify repairs to request and to learn about the elements and systems of a house.


The home inspector will examine major elements of a house, ensuring proper operation of systems, observing the condition, and noting damage. A typical home inspection report will cover:

The exterior: Roof, driveway, walkways, steps, doors, decks, and siding among other elements.

The structure: Foundation and framing. The inspector determines whether the foundation and framing are sound and the building skeleton can withstand the elements.

The interior: Windows and doors; ceilings, walls, and floors; attic and basement.

Plumbing and electrical systems:

Water supply, heating, and drainage

Service entrance wires, breakers and fuses, and control panels

Heating, cooling, and ventilation/insulation


Home inspectors won’t necessarily consider all possible issues because their expertise is in general home condition and major systems. Specialists may be needed for:








Easy Tricks For Microfiber Upholstery Cleaning

Upholstery Cleaning

When sourcing Furniture Upholstery Cleaning Services you need to be certain that the Company you employ is fully knowledgeable and capable of carrying out the job

Upholstery Cleaning Options

Deep Cleaning, Stain Protector and Sanitisation Treatment (Anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-mould treatment)

Deep Cleaning

Deep Clean service consists of deep-cleaning your upholstery using the Hot Water Extraction method. Before we clean, we inspect the upholstery carefully in order to clearly point out the expected result to our customer. We remove any grit or particles that may damage your upholstery. Stains are treated by our technician and then the upholstery is cleaned deep down to remove soiling.

Clean and Protect

Stain Protector can be applied to new furniture or freshly cleaned furniture. This surface treatment forms a barrier over the fibres of your sofa or couch, helping to prevent spill and soil from penetrating and reducing the chances of them becoming permanent marks. you will be able to take care of many spills yourself, another benefit it that when you next have your suite cleaned, the soiling will remove more effectively.

Sanitisation Treatment

Sanitisation Treatment can be done in conjunction with the Deep Clean, or Clean and Protect treatments. This certified anti-bacterial, anti-virucidal, anti-mould and anti-fungal treatment kills bacteria and viruses that may be residing in your upholstery. This is especially useful in homes with pets, babies and small children. It may also be helpful where family members suffer from conditions such as asthma or allergies. It can also help reduce odours that may be residing in your suite of furniture

Upholstery Cleaning Tips

Clean upholstery is very important to a healthy looking home. Like the cover of a book, your furniture is one of the first things seen in a home and, if it looks filthy, so will the rest of your house. What’s more, upholstery is one of the thing guests will be in close contact with, sitting and resting on it. If that furniture is dirty or grimy, it will be hard for them to feel comfortable.

Like most tips – whether they be Stain removal tips, Rug Cleaning tips, or Grout cleaning tips – upholstery cleaning tips are rather simple. Of course, simple doesn’t mean ineffective. Following these basic upholstery cleaning tips should help significantly extend the life of your upholstery.

Keep Food Away: By not allowing food or drink to be consumed on or around the furniture, you can prevent most accidents before they ever happen. You’ll be cutting off the spills at their source.

Keep Pets Off: As nice as it is to snuggle up with your pet while watching a movie, it means your furniture takes a beating. Pet fur and hair has tons of oils in it and letting them onto furniture means those oils will transfer onto the upholstery fabric, making it dirty. This isn’t a very fun upholstery cleaning tip, but it’s a useful one.

Vacuuming: By regularly vacuuming your furniture at least once every two weeks you will prevent dirt and spots from having a chance to work their way into the upholstery.

Low Moisture: Avoid getting your upholstery wet. If you ever need to spot clean a piece of the upholstery, be sure to use very little water

By following these upholstery cleaning tips you will be able to keep your furniture to stay looking clean for longer. Of course, no amount of upholstery cleaning tips can prevent the freak, accidental spill or the steady march of time. If you ever find that that your upholstery is getting too dirty

Domestic Carpet, Furniture & Upholstery Cleaning and Restoration

Your carpets and upholstery take a beating everyday with general usage taking its toll – a regular and comprehensive cleaning & maintenance programme will not only provide a clean and comfortable living environment, it will also extend the working life of your carpets and furnishings.

Regular carpet and upholstery cleaning will…

Help prevent asthma and other health issues

Help control dust mite infestation

Increase the value of your property

Provide longevity for your carpets – increasing cost savings

Provide a clean & healthy environment for your family or tenants

Carpet & Upholstery Cleaning at a glance

Carpet cleaning programmes

Stain & spot removal

Carpet re-tufting and repair

Soft furnishings and curtain cleaning

Leather care service

Carpet & Upholstery Cleaning experts are fully qualified in all aspects of carpet construction, understand all of the different materials and how each should be cleaned, avoiding such things as shrinkage, colour fade and  how to treat high traffic foot areas and can bring the life back to your carpets. All other items of furniture and upholstery can also be cleaned and repaired to a very high standard to lengthen their life cycle and reduce life time costs to the homeowner.

From Wine Spills To Pet Stains, These Powerful Cleaners Can Remove Any Spot From Your Upholstery

No matter how careful you are with your carpets and couches, there’s bound to be a spill. And, if you’ve tried generic cleaning solutions before, then you know: The only way to remove the toughest stains is to use the best upholstery cleaners on the market.

Before you make an investment in a cleaning machine, you’ll want to keep in mind any special circumstances. For example, if you have a lot of pets that tend to make a mess, you may want to look for a machine that can trap pet fur before cleaning. Or if you have a lot of furniture and rooms that need some TLC in your home, it may be best to invest in a lightweight cleaner that’s easy to take from room to room.

Another thing to consider is the type of surface you’re trying to clean. If you have a variety of upholstery to clean, be on the lookout for a cleaner with attachments to tackle stains on everything from stairs to car interiors. On the other hand, if you need to tackle a larger area, it may be best to opt for a powerful cleaner that can quickly treat area rugs or bulky couches

This professional spot cleaner by Bissell is powerful enough to take on the toughest stains without ruining your upholstery. The 6-amp motor works to pull everything from red wine to coffee spills from any surface, and the 22-foot power cord allows you to move from spot to spot with ease. On top of that, the flexible hose can bend and stretch to get to those hard-to-reach stains, and it has a built-in stair tool that allows you to tackle carpeted staircases. Bonus: This machine also comes with a small bottle of Bissell’s professional-grade cleaner.

If you’re looking for a lightweight option you can easily move from room to room, this portable cleaner, also by Bissell, is a must. Weighing in at only 9 pounds, it’s incredibly easy to carry, and at only 18 inches long, you can store this little machine in just about any cabinet or cupboard. Just fill up the tank with a mixture of warm water and your favorite cleaner, then let the hose pull the stain from your upholstery. With the tough-bristled brush attachment, lifting and removing caked-on dirt is a cinch.

DIY Tips for Furniture Upholstery Cleaning

Knowing how to clean furniture upholstery can help you freshen up your home without spending a lot of money.

If the sofa in your family room is looking a little shabby or tired but new furniture isn’t in your budget, consider freshening it up yourself with these at-home upholstery cleaning tips or a furniture steam cleaner rental — it’s easy and the results will make you smile.

Absorb the stain

Don’t let stains set in: It’s important to act quickly if you have a spill. Blot liquids with a dry, white absorbent cloth or plain white paper towels. Dab, don’t rub, or you risk damaging the fabric. Start at the outside of the spot and continue toward the center to prevent the stain from spreading. Blot until barely damp. Scoop up any semi-solids (like food spills) with a spoon.

Vacuum the furniture

Use all of your vacuum cleaner’s upholstery attachments to thoroughly clean up loose pieces of dirt, pet hair and other debris that can make your furniture dirtier.

Identify the types of stains

Food, dirt, pee or poop (from little ones or pets), wine, coffee and other stains respond well to steam cleaning. More stubborn spots may need more than one treatment. For oil-based or other hard-to-lift stains, chemical-based cleaners are required.

Read furniture upholstery tags

Before you use upholstery cleaner on your furniture, check cushions for fabric care tags or instructions — they’ll tell you what cleaning solutions to use. If you can’t find the tag, check the furniture manufacturer’s website. It’s also a good idea to spot check a small, hidden section of the fabric with the cleaner to test for damage and color-fastness

Dermatologist Acne Treatments


are a long-established, well-regarded medical practice which has provided state-of-the-art dermatological care

expertise is in the early detection and treatment of skin cancer and in the accurate diagnosis and optimal management of other diseases of the skin.

dermatologists are held in high regard and are frequently referred patients from other dermatologists and specialists for a second opinion.

strive for excellence and innovation and are proud to be providing world class specialist care for patients with skin cancer and other skin diseases.

Procedural rooms & Nurses Clinic

Facilities at Dermatology include eight modern, fully equipped consulting and procedural rooms, as well as a dedicated nurses clinic room for post-operative wound care and dressings.

Micrographic Surgery

surgery is a specific method for removing cancerous tissue while preserving the functionality and aesthetics of surrounding normal tissue. This technique is specifically reserved for cancers that are poorly defined clinically, recurrent, and/or have a high risk of recurrence. Once identified and removed, these cancers undergo meticulous microscopic observation, allowing surgeons to confirm that the entire cancer has been excised at the time of surgery. This method increases the cure rate of skin cancer and reduces the need for additional surgery or treatments

The following points further highlight the benefits of Mohs surgery:

100% of your tissue margins are examined by the same physician who serves as both surgeon and pathologist.

Mohs Surgery provides the highest, evidence-based cure rate for skin cancers.

The technique helps preserve normal tissue.

By sparing the maximum amount of normal tissue, reconstruction is performed with fewer complications.

The majority of surgeries performed require only local anesthesia providing superior patient safety and furthering cost effectiveness. Additionally, this provides a reduction in the recovery period overall.

“I noticed one morning when I went to wash my face I had a ‘pimple’ that bled. When that kept happening even after I applied antibiotic ointment, I knew I had to see a dermatologist. I was told I had basal cell carcinoma and after discussing the treatment options with my provider, I decided to have Mohs surgery

We diagnose and treat a variety of skin, hair, and nail disease in the infant, toddler, and adolescent. A systematic approach of inspection, evaluation, and possible biopsy of skin disease is necessary for accurate diagnoses in children. Once diagnosed, therapeutic procedures are implemented such as (but are not limited to) spraying or injecting warts or applying a local irritant on molluscum.

Biopsies and excisions are also performed as intervention, not just as diagnosis. Careful consideration to remove a lesion is based on the maturity of the patient, the location of the lesion, the urgency of removal, and the cosmetic result


The last time I saw my dermatologist (I admit that it wasn’t for my yearly skin check, but rather because I was desperately seeking laser hair removal) she told me to stop nearly all of my habits. Yes, I walked in there looking to leave with a little less fuzz and walked out questioning my morals. Starting with the advice that I should see her more than once every few years when I wanted something removed, she rattled off a few other bits of wisdom.

As a beauty writer, it got me thinking — what are the top habits our dermatologists wish we’d all stop doing (for the sake of our skin health, of course)? I reached out to some trusted skin docs and asked them to sound off on their biggest patient pet peeves.


Seriously. You might think that if it’s overcast you don’t have to rub on extra SPF. Or maybe you’re under the impression that the sunscreen in your makeup is enough to keep you covered. It’s not. Be warned: UV light exposure causes skin cancer and premature aging. It’s that simple.


Even if you’re one of the many who inexplicably find pimple-popping to be a stress-relieving activity, it’s time to cut that habit. Picking your pimples is the fastest way to spread bacteria and breakouts, and also leads to inflammation and redness. “At some point, you are going to pick your face with long nails, dirty fingers, or apply too much pressure, leading to skin trauma and scabbing,”


You might love a long, hot shower, but it’s not doing your skin any favors. “Excessive exposure to water, particularly hot water, can strip the skin of essential oils and disrupt the skin barrier,”

What is a dermatologist?

A dermatologist is the medical expert you should consult if you have any significant problem with your skin. Dermatology is the science that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair and nails.

Dermatology involves but is not limited to study, research, and diagnosis of normal and disorders, diseases, cancers, cosmetic and ageing conditions of the skin, fat, hair, nails and oral and genital membranes, and the management of these by different investigations and therapies, including but not limited to dermatohistopathology, topical and systemic medications, dermatologic surgery and dermatologic cosmetic surgery, immunotherapy, phototherapy, laser therapy, radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy.

How many people get skin disease?

The skin is the largest and most visible organ of the body. It reflects the health of the body and acts as a barrier against injury and bacteria. Unfortunately, at one time or another, nearly everyone has some type of skin disease – infants, children, teenagers, adults and the elderly. One in six (15%) of all visits to the family doctor (GP) involves a skin problem.

How are dermatologists trained?

Dermatologists are medical doctors. after completing six years of medical school the dermatologist-to-be must complete a general medical training programme which usually takes 3 to 4 years. After a rigorous examination (FRACP) he or she is then eligible to enter advanced training.

How many dermatologists are there?

there are about 60 practising dermatologists, of whom most are members of the NZDS, the Dermatological Society Incorporated, the organisation which oversees professional standards and continuing medical education

Things Dermatologists Want You To Do Before You Turn 40

As we approach our 40s, many of the words used to describe our skin begin to sound quite negative – dull looking, uneven, more lined. This can partly be attributed to perimenopause, the years leading up to menopause during which estrogen levels decrease and our skin behinds to lose its glow and elasticity. We believe that ageing is a natural, beautiful and privileged experience, and not something that should be dreaded or feared. In saying that, we also understand the desire we all feel to look and feel our best.

As any dermatologist will tell you, it’s never too late to start taking care of your skin. But of course, the sooner you start, the better! That means that whether you’re exploring the world in your 20s or blissfully coming into your own in your 30s, taking the time to develop a skincare tailored to your skin is the best thing you can do for yourself before you reach your 40s to ensure bright and healthy skin.

When tailoring your perfect skincare routine, dermatologists recommend that you create one that best suits you and your lifestyle. If you enjoy your routine and it feels maintainable to you, you’ll be better able to stick with it. If you’re curious to know what are the most important products, habits and ingredients to adopt, we have you sorted. We spoke with the expert team at Westside Dermatology to find out what we should be doing to cultivate healthy skin throughout our 20s, 30s and into our 40s. Scroll on to find out.

Make sunscreen the centre of your skincare routine

As any skin expert will tell you, a good quality sunscreen should be the foundation of your skin routine. A good quality sunscreen will help prevent sun damage to your skin, helping to keep your skin glowy, youthful and safe. Opt for a sunscreen that is at least SPF 50 and apply it first thing in the morning before your makeup. Be sure to apply to your face, neck (front, sides and back), ears, décolletage, forearms and shoulders and hands. If possible, reapply during the day.

Get regular head-to-toe skin checks

While preventive habits are always preferred, it’s still important to ensure that regular skin checks are still part of your routine. Rather than waiting until it’s too late, getting regular checks means you can catch something early and treat it before it’s too late. Make sure you check in with your dermatologist once a year (or more, if melanoma runs in your family) to ensure that there are no early signs of precancerous skin changes. And stay out of the sun!

Don’t Skip Sewer Inspection Before You Buy


Scoping out your drains with a camera is an effective way to detect any problems you may have with your sewer lines. With sewer cameras, you’ll be able to see any problems, or soon-to-be problems, before they get out of hand. Sewer camera inspections are non-invasive, meaning you won’t have to tear up any sidewalk or flooring to gain access to the sewer lines. In the past, an inspection would require a lot of time and effort, not to mention destruction.  Thanks to advances in technology resulting in “sewer cameras,” we’re able to inspect any sewer or drain virtually hassle-free.


Sewer cameras are devices consisting of a drain cable with a video camera at the end and an attached video screen. Lights on the cable light up the sewer around the video camera. This enables you to see everything that the video camera sees as the cable is inserted into and travels through a sewer line. A sewer camera inspection can reveal any and all kinds of problems — drain blockages, material build-ups, and tree roots.


All of these things can lead to the emission of awful smells, or worse. If a sewer becomes blocked bad enough, sewage could spill out and require a costly — and smelly — cleanup. Dirty pipes can also lead to dirty residues in basements and wet basement floors after rainfall. None of these is particularly attractive in homes and can prevent you from being comfortable inviting guests over for events. In a commercial setting, sewer issues can negatively impact profit. In addition to the more obvious problems listed above, sewer camera inspections also reveal the overall condition of sewage pipes. Over time, grime, mineral deposits, and other things such as hair can build up in the pipes. While this is not as immediate a problem, it can lead to troubles later on down the line if conditions worsen.


There’s no “one size fits all” with sewer inspections or cleanings. The frequency with which a sewer should be properly cleaned depends on a variety of factors. As mentioned previously, older homes or buildings with older sewage systems should have a sewer camera inspection if they haven’t been yet. The number of people that live in a home can affect how often you’ll want your drains cleaned out. For example, we know one homeowner with three girls who need us to clean their drains out every six months or so, due to the amount of hair entering the drains and eventually causing clogs. As a side note, to prevent your drains from getting clogged, be sure to install drain screens in all bathtubs and showers in your home. Also, avoid flushing paper towels or sanitary napkins/wipes down toilets. These items were not designed to be flushed and can contribute to clogs.


You could invest a lot of money in a sewer camera of your own. However, in general, it is more cost-effective to hire professionals to get the job done. A sewer camera will likely run you $5000 or more. Residential cameras can be found around the $100 price range, but these cameras’ cables are typically only a few feet long. This renders them incapable of inspecting anything other than the simplest sink drain. Commercial sewer cameras — the kind that we use for our sewer camera service — have a range of 200 feet or more.


The Importance of Sewer Camera Inspections

The use of sewer camera inspections is critical to the preservation of your plumbing system’s health and well-being. Normally, most sewer systems and their component pipes are buried several feet underground, inaccessible to those without the proper training and equipment. In the past, accessing these pipes to perform a visual assessment would require additional manpower, expensive equipment, and a tremendous obstruction to your personal or work schedule. In the modern era, camera technologies allow for technicians to access the interior

Professional Pipe Inspection Services

Sewer camera inspections are often used before any major plumbing service. These inspections help inform the technician as what the condition of your plumbing systems and their component pipes. In addition, the use of camera inspections can help you predict when future problems will strike. Being able to physically see potential corrosion, wastewater stagnancy, bacterial build-up and other issues is a tremendous boon to anyone looking to perform professional plumbing maintenance.

How Sewer and Drain Pipe Inspections Work

you can expect a sewer camera inspection service that combines equal parts efficacy and cordiality. One of our expert technicians will travel to your home or business and determine the best point of access for the camera system. The camera system is attached to a prehensile hose, which will navigate through your plumbing systems and sewer pipes. As it travels, the camera will feed footage to a high-definition monitor, analyzed by the field technician. With this configuration, the technician will be able to see the current condition of your sewer pipes and any present problems therein, making current maintenance needs easier

Choosing the right plumbing service provider to furnish your home or business is never easy. Choosing the right service that your plumbing system needs without professional help is almost impossible. Make the impossible possible, and contact a sewage and drainage professional

A Few Useful Things to Know About Sewer Line Replacement

Sewer Line Cameras

When the standard techniques for cleaning drains fails, plumbers often have to turn to more intrusive inspections of your main drainage pipes. This type of inspection is carried out using cameras. Drain and sewer pipe cameras have been available for around 15 years. They range in price from approximately $85 to over $7000, and some are even

They are helpful for inspecting a sewer line that is clogged and for inspecting a sewer line in a home you are purchasing. They are available with or without computer monitoring systems. However, just as you would not inspect your own colon with a camera, it is not recommended that the average homeowner or home purchaser buy a sewer line camera and use it to inspect his sewage system.

Types of Sewer Line Replacement

The best known replacement for a damaged sewer line is the method known as trenching that involves excavation of the sewer system and direct replacement of the pipes. This method can be disruptive, costly, and (depending on your location) even involve replacing pipes all the way to the main municipal junction.

If the trenching causes your driveway, patio, yard or garden to have to be undone so that your sewer line can be repaired, your costs will be much higher to replace or reconstruct the outbuildings involved, repave your driveway, and reseed your lawn. There are two newer residential sewer repair techniques that offer homeowners the option to have little of their property excavated and little disruption to their homes.

Pipe Bursting

Pipe bursting is often used to replace not only sewer pipes but gas lines as well. It replaces a deteriorated pipe with a new pipe that is the same size or larger. A bursting head that is cone-shaped is inserted into the old pipe. The back end of the bursting head connects to the new pipe and maneuvers it into place. The force of the new pipe being pushed into the old pipe bursts the old pipe, breaking it into pieces.

Sewer Services

can utilize hydro jetting, snaking, or any other sewer repair or sewer replacement services. Our expert plumbers will use a sewer camera to determine what your sewer needs so that they can provide the best solutions and so that you can avoid any big (and expensive) problems later. When you sewer line is backing up in your home, it is an immediate need.

Sewer Backup

Prevent sewer backups from even happening. If you have had any sewer spot repairs performed and not replaced your whole sewer line, it may be time to consider replacement before your sewer line has a backup again.

Early signs or sewer or drain back ups include:

Water backing up from your tub or shower when you flush a toilet

Water coming up from your sinks or bubbling from your faucets

Toilet water bubbling

Sewer Camera Inspection

utilizes fiber optic video sewer cameras and the most up to date plumbing technology advances to inspect your plumbing system. Using a sewer camera for a video line inspection will allow our experienced plumbers to precisely locate and repair any cracks or line blockages without digging up your lawn.

Sewer Cleaning

Sewer Backup? Main Drain in the basement backing up? There are many things that can lead to why your sewer would be backing up into your home. Most common older sewer lines are made up of clay, over time they break. Tree roots can enter the sewer line and cause back up. When your main drain in your basement or multiple drains in your home are not draining properly, it is time to call an expert!

Schedule a Sewer Inspection

Let’s make things easy to book your sewer inspection to get you exactly what you need. We know the value of your project and it means a lot to us to make sure everything is up to shape before you buy or sell. Schedule a sewer inspection with a scope as part of your home inspection today

Construction you get:

Professional Sewer Inspections

Convenient Online Scheduling

Residential and Commercial Services

Location of any breaks, blockages or other issues

Experienced technician on-hand

Result data on a USB stick

Map of sewer system

To avoid any unwelcome surprises later, sewer inspections are a part of regular home inspections. A good thing too, cause there’s no worse feeling than settling in, discovering an issue and getting hidden costs and headaches down the line. If you’ve found the dream home, you don’t want it smelling like the sewers. Apart from smells, backed up water can leak into a home, along with leading to higher water and sewer bills if there are significant leaks or blockades. The inspection is relatively inexpensive and done within around an hour and prevents much more expensive problems.

What’s a sewer inspection?

A sewer inspection is performed with a camera to examine the main sewer line, to inspect to home visually from foundation to roof and make sure any issues, breaks or blockages can be discovered in advance. Sewers are unlike other parts of a home. Primarily, because people don’t live in the sewers. Mostly, it’s because people don’t know much about how they work or how to tell if they have problems with their sewer. It’s a valuable service that lets you know if there’s trouble before the ink on your home purchase contract has dried.

How does a sewer inspection work?

The inspection is performed with a camera attached to a snake line. It’s also called a sewer scope inspection because that’s how we get to look inside the pipes and lines. It’d be awkward and gratuitous to always climb inside the pipes. With a video camera, we “drive” through the line and record the condition of the sewers and look for roots, cracks, breaks, blockages, collapses and any other issues or damage in your sewer.