The Spectrum Along The LED Electrical Lighting

Light bulbs buying guide

Which cap fitting do you need?

The instructions on your lamp or light fitting will tell you the style of cap fitting to choose. Make sure you check this carefully as the wrong cap fitting will not work in your light

Choosing the right light bulb is just as important as choosing your light fixture or shade as they can give your room ambience and character. This guide highlights the key things to consider to help you choose the perfect bulbs for your home.

Choosing the technology

The three main technologies for light bulbs are Halogen, Energy Saving (CFL) and LED. They all have different lifespans and energy saving abilities, so here’s a short guide on the differences between them

Lumens vs Wattage

Wattage is the amount of power needed to light a bulb. Lumens refer to the level of brightness that the bulb produces. Traditionally, a higher wattage always meant a brighter bulb. However, due to the introduction of newer technologies (Halogen, Energy Savers (CFL) and LED), you can now produce the same amount of light using far less energy (wattage) and money. To know how much light a bulb produces, we now use lumens to measure brightness.

Warm or cold light?

Shown in units called Kelvin (K), ‘colour temperature’ determines whether light bulbs produce warm or cold light. Bulbs with a low Kelvin value produce a warm yellow light that’s great for creating a cosy ambience. Bulbs with a higher Kelvin value produce a cool blue light that’s more energising.

The Ultimate LED Strip Lighting Guide

LED strip lighting can be used for countless home, landscape, vehicle, retail, office, and industrial applications—from under-cabinet lighting to creating powerful ceiling light fixtures. They’re available in a variety of lengths, intensities, colors, and voltages. And with compatible accessories as well as peel-and-stick adhesive backings, they can be easily installed and mounted. If you’re struggling with deciding which strip is right for your application, choosing a power supply or accessories, or how to install LED strip lights, you’re in the right place.


Strips are classified as weatherproof, non-weatherproof, or waterproof. The type of strip you need is determined by the environment where your strips will be installed. Each strip has an IP rating that indicates the size of solids and pressure of liquids that a strip can resist.


These strips are rated below IP65 and aren’t meant to be exposed to water. Indoor LED strip light applications include under-cabinet lighting, above-cabinet lighting, pantry lighting, cupboard lighting, bookshelf lighting, cove lighting, bias lighting, and more. Generally, indoor LED strip lights are not weatherproof or waterproof, but they should be if you’re installing them in bathrooms or other areas where they could be exposed to water.


When choosing LED strip lights, you must determine how much strip you’ll be powering. Measure the length of all areas where you’ll install your strip lighting. Account for gaps as well as dips and turns around corners.

Strips are available in set lengths, and select styles are available in custom lengths. When you determine how much strip you’ll need, you’ll have to find out the maximum run of the strip you want.

The best LED string lights

A strand of classic white string lights can upgrade just about any space, whether it’s your dorm room or backyard gazebo. All you need to light up the dark corners of your home is a working outlet or pack of batteries.

In addition to giving off that good old nostalgic glow, LED string lights are longer-lasting, safer, and more eco-friendly than classic incandescent string lights. It’s true LED string lights are usually a bit more expensive up front, but since they last for thousands of hours and use very little energy, they are a more cost-effective option overall.

Whether you’re looking for classic white, holiday colors, indoor, outdoor, solar, or vintage bistro varieties, we have a pick for you. We took longevity, cost, sturdiness, design appeal, and other features into consideration when making our selections to come up with the following guide to the best LED string lights.

General Electric has been around for more than 125 years and the company is still leading the electric lighting game in many ways. These LED string lights are energy-efficient and should last up to 10 years. They also produce less heat than traditional bulbs, so there’s far less of a fire concern.

come in strands with 50 or 100 bulbs, in colors, and in classic white. The bulbs come only in a mini-size, but don’t let that deter you from trying them, because less is more in the world of LED lights.

Why LED’s flicker- and how to stop it

LED fixtures/bulbs are operated by an electronic driver in which some are more susceptible to noise, {voltage fluctuations}, than others depending on the quality of the fixture/bulb.

Inrush current from appliances

Certain appliances in your home need more power when they first turn on. The inrush current of motors within appliances causes the voltage to drop and if the lights are on the same circuit you may see dimming of these lights. This is true for many types of lighting including LED.

Loose wiring or loose bulb

Another thing that commonly causes flickering in LED bulbs is loose connections or circuits. This is easy to fix. Just screw the LED bulb in tighter to see of that fixes the problem.  If there’s a lot of dust in the fixture, first blow out the connection points to remove the dust before putting the bulb back in.

Dimmer compatibility

Some existing and even new dimmer switches may not be compatible with LED lighting or you may have a non-dimmable light in a dimmable fixture. Carefully reading the labeling on your bulbs and fixtures and making sure you have the right bulb for the job can fix this. Dimmers also have wattage ratings which differ depending on the type of light source whether it is LED, incandescent, etc. This affects the number of light fixtures on a dimmer depending on the individual wattages of each. The practise of ganging dimmers or switches within the same back box will also further de-rate the wattage the dimmer can safely handle

How long do LED lights last?

LED bulbs

Classic halogen bulbs are being increasingly replaced by LED bulbs, also called retrofit bulbs. These last much longer than halogen bulbs. However, the capacity of LED bulbs is still limited by the electronics in the lighting, which make the LED bulb run on the existing voltage of halogen bulbs. Furthermore, an LED bulb must remain cool. If LED lighting heats up, it will stop working. The limited cooling of retrofit bulbs reduces their life span. Moreover, switching the light on and off frequently will not help improve the number of burning-hours. All things considered, the average life span of an LED bulb is currently around 15,000 hours.

Integrated LED

Integrated LED is LED lighting that is integrated into the fixture. The disadvantage of this is that when the LED stops working, you need to replace the entire fixture. To compensate for this, an integrated LED has an extremely long lifespan. The power supply is usually external and separate from the LED, which is good for the quality of the electronics in the power supply component. If the power supply no longer functions, it can be easily replaced without having to replace the LED. The average life span of an LED integrated in a fixture is 25,000 to 30,000 hours. You should take into account that this may vary a lot. For example, there are still significant differences in quality between different LED chips.

LED modules

A third option is the LED modules. This combines the best of the two abovementioned options. An LED module can be directly connected to the power supply. Hence, no fittings are required. All the components are separate in an LED module. The necessary electronics to make the LED work is located in the external power supply. So if the electronics in the external power supply fail, you can simply replace the power supply component. The downside is, however, that LED modules are more difficult to use in fixtures with special shapes. Just as in the case of integrated LEDs, the average life span of LED modules is 25,000 to 30,000 hours. ClickFit spotlights are specially made for LED modules. These spotlights have a clicking system that makes it possible to hold the LED module, without using a fitting.

In practice

Here are some practical examples to give you a better idea of how long 25,000 hours precisely is. In a shop that is open every day except Sunday and where the lights are on for 9 hours each day, LED lights will last approximately 8 years and 10 months.

Offices are open for an average of 250 days a year. If we assume that the lights stay on for 10 hours each day, here the LED lights will last for 10 years. In a living room, the lights will be on every day (except for a few days when the family is on vacation), although this will be mainly in the evening. If the lights are on for an average of 3 hours per day, the LED will last 23 years and 9 months.